The Scientific and Practical Rehabilitation Center and the Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Educational Center, subordinate to the Moscow Department of Labor and Social Protection, organized a series of online seminars on the prevention of anxiety and suspicion. Self-regulation tips are intended for specialists in urban centers and social institutions who have worked and continue to work during the period of high alert with residents of the capital.
Occupational therapy and physical activity reduce emotional stress
The second online meeting took place at the end of January. Medical workers, educational psychologists, rehabilitation specialists and other experts from rehabilitation and rehabilitation educational institutions were able to talk about their experience and share practical techniques for reducing anxiety in their wards and pupils.
The meeting was moderated by Victoria Nikolaenko, director of the Complex Rehabilitation and Educational Center (KROTS), and Alexandra Reshetnikova, head of the department, psychiatrist of the highest category KROTS.
“Prolonged mental stress, emotional and nervous fatigue or severe stress can lead to anxiety-suspicious syndrome,” said Olesya Shumlyanskaya, head of the department of the Scientific and Practical Rehabilitation Center (SPRTs).
She said that their center uses a comprehensive approach to the prevention of such conditions. It includes psychotherapy, work with psychologists and social educators, physical activity. The expert noted that a good effect is provided by the maximum restriction of access of wards to the media, in which pandemic issues are discussed.
Vadim Cherny, head of the neuropsychiatric department of mercy of the National Research and Development Center, outlined the importance of labor rehabilitation both individually and in small groups. This is one of the most effective ways to reduce a person's anxiety and maladjustment. At the same time, it is important that the patients of their center have the opportunity to study in a distance format if it is impossible to conduct face-to-face classes.
Ekaterina Savostikova, a medical psychologist at the Butovo Center for the Rehabilitation of Disabled People, gave a detailed methodology for relieving anxiety. She talked about the reasons for the appearance of anxiety states, divided them into groups and outlined the characteristics of each of the groups. For each group, the expert listed the most appropriate forms of support and stages of assistance.
Space for yourself and communication with loved ones
Medical psychologist of the Scientific and Practical Center for Medical and Social Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons named after LI Shvetsova Inna Rokitskaya spoke about the signs of panic attacks and gave practical advice on how to cope with a stressful situation and help a loved one.
Methods for working with thoughts during periods of anxiety (for example, methods of internal dialogue or strengthening supports) were proposed by Natalya Mikhailova, a psychologist at the Moscow City Rehabilitation Center. Communication with close people and friends, creating a pleasant atmosphere around you all this helps to reduce emotional stress.
“It is equally important to give yourself the opportunity to be alone, to create a space for yourself where you will be comfortable,” advised Guzel Matveyeva, a psychologist at the Center for Sociocultural Rehabilitation of Diana Gurtskaya. She discussed how negative stress responses such as insomnia and family stress can be reduced.
Psychologists of the Complex Rehabilitation and Educational Center Marina Shaposhnikova and Natalya Meliksetyan shared methods of diagnosing depressive conditions in children and adolescents, as well as practical advice on correcting problem behavior.
"A cup of good mood"
Igor Kabanov, a pedagogical psychologist at the Center for Rehabilitation and Education 7, noted the importance of communication of the “child - specialist” dyad, and his colleague from the Rehabilitation Boarding School 32 Rosa Sabitova spoke about the relevance of classes aimed at relieving emotional stress and psychophysiological regulation of the body through art therapy, air yoga, dancing and physiotherapy.
Elena Bekuzarova, social teacher of the Center for Rehabilitation and Education 4, in her speech raised the problem of increasing anxiety in pupils associated with distance learning. The expert outlined the measures that should be taken by teachers to help reduce the stress of the child and the family.
Specialists from the Rehabilitation and Educational Center 76 have also proposed their own method of reducing students' anxiety. They have developed video exercises for the whole family. The center's teacher-psychologist Marina Bessmertnaya demonstrated one of the exercises “a cup of good mood” to the participants of the seminar, increasing the emotional state of the listeners. And her colleague Elena Zverkova presented gymnastics for the brain, which helps to reduce stress and work stress.
The topic of cooperation with parents as the main conductors of psychological and pedagogical assistance to children was raised in the speech of educational psychologists of the Rehabilitation and Educational Center 105 Baira Zodbaeva and Elena Shushpannikova. Elena named the most optimal forms of psychological support in working with parents - this is individual counseling in various communication environments, the development of simple instructions: "How to avoid conflict: expressing feelings", "How to maintain family relationships." She also emphasized the effectiveness of the meetings of the Parents' Club, where group trainings of specialists on topical topics were held.
The employee of the Center for Rehabilitation of Disabled People "Krasnaya Pakhra", candidate of medical sciences, doctor-therapist Sergey Zaitsev also actively participated in the seminar. He noted that the most important thing in working with wards is an integrated approach, empathy of doctors and a favorable atmosphere created in the institution.
The topic under discussion turned out to be relevant for both children and adults. The conversation of specialists with the aim of exchanging experience will continue on February 24 in an online format.
The material was provided by the Department of Social Protection of the Population of the South-Western District (USZN South-West Administrative District).