We figure out how to discuss one of the most difficult school disciplines with children.
Even such an interesting subject as history, some teachers manage to turn into teaching faceless facts and quotes, which children are forced to memorize in their free time. We talked with Tamara Eidelman, Honored Teacher of Russia, Head of the Department of History of the Gymnasium 1567, a regular lecturer of Direct Speech and a teacher of history and geography online -school lecture hall.
Where do you start for a parent who wants their child to be interested in a story?
Probably to feel for yourself what an interesting thing the story is. If parents themselves read books about history (even adults), discuss historical issues among themselves (and in the presence of the child), then the child will see that this is something important and necessary. In general, do not impose or even offer, but simply live with history ourselves.
How easy is it for a child to answer the question “why should I learn history”?
Learning is not so important (although homework needs to be done), and knowing history, like all other knowledge, is necessary simply because it is very interesting. That's it, no more explanations: it's about people, but people are always interesting.
The most boring thing about history lessons is cramming dates and names, can you make them fun?
Cramming gives nothing, and everything jagged is quickly forgotten. But if you look at the dates and try to see the logic of events in them - why was it before, and then later? Maybe there is a connection? If the names are not just a set of letters, but behind them is a person - with his appearance (to find a portrait), with his destiny, then it will already be easier.
Is it necessary, for example, in elementary school to talk about the structure of the state in Ancient Russia? How should the presentation of the material change depending on the age of the child?
It is my deep conviction that children can be told about everything. You just need to be able to serve - do not press with terms and some dry details. The state in Russia - yes easily!
What subjects can make history learning more interesting? For example, to tie the study of history to geographical discoveries, some literary works - do you use such techniques in your work?
Of course I do. I ask the children to read works of fiction, where it is happening in the studied era, to watch films - even if they are "unscientific", they create an image of the era, and this is more important for me.
Do I need to discuss with children the history of the beginning of the 21st century? What sources should you rely on if you, as a parent, do not quite understand what is happening?
If you don’t understand yourself, then be so honest to the child and tell me - I don’t really understand what’s going on, but it seems to me And you? In a house where parents are interested in "the history of the beginning of the XXI century" - that is, politics, and children begin to take an interest and understand it.
What events in our history should you definitely talk to children about?
Again, the ones that excite you the most. Everything else will follow.
History lessons with Tamara Eidelman are held at the Direct Speech online lecture school on Wednesdays. Join us!
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