Art critic Anastasia Postrigai suggests how to awaken a craving for art in a child
How to introduce a child to art? Drive to the museum every weekend? Send to art school? Maybe buy books - let him figure it out himself?
Anastasia Postrigai, an art critic, founder of the OpPopArt School of Popular Art project and author of the course How to Talk to Children about Art, shares 5 techniques that will make classes with a child fun and effective.
If you formulate the rules for studying art with a child, then you get something like "do not be afraid, do not rush and do not be shy in expressions."
Do not be afraid that you yourself do not know anything - after all, you too will have a journey into the world of art. Take your time and teach your child slow, heartfelt communication with art. Do not be shy in expressions, use beautiful "book" words during class - learning art is just as beneficial for a child's vocabulary as reading. Have you learned? And now - let's go!
Of course, you can pretend to be an art critic, give long lectures, and sprinkle names, terms, and dates. But our goal is not to satisfy our own ambitions, but to show that paintings are not boring at all.
So you have to play, gentlemen, parents.
Surely many of you have heard about TRIZ, the theory of inventive problem solving. This set of techniques unlocks the creativity and intelligence of a person of any age. So, for practicing art with a child, TRIZ is one of the best ways.
Based on my experience and conversations with experts, I have compiled the top 5 tricks from this technique that will make the child's journey into the world of art easy and useful.
1. Reception "hidden picture"
Take the printed reproduction, put a piece of paper with a cut round hole on top. Move the sheet so that different pieces of the picture fall into the "lens". And invite the kid to guess what is shown there.
At the same time, it is better to choose the most realistic pictures, where there are objects and phenomena that are understandable and familiar to him - nature, animals, people.
Of course, you can try this method on Kandinsky or Picasso, but there it is not easy for a child to figure it out without a leaflet.
The next step: offer to collect all the found objects together and describe the picture in full. Then remove the sheet and compare its description with the original.
I guarantee that the whole bouquet of emotions will be read on the child's face: from surprise to pride in oneself.
2. The “hidden picture” technique has a “close relative” - the “telescope” technique
The name speaks for itself: take an impromptu telescope (hand-rolled cardboard will work as well) and look for details on the canvas. The picture can be anything, even a landscape without people and animals.
You will see that your little one will manage to find something interesting even in a birch grove.
The spyglass method teaches you to focus on a specific detail. And then, putting aside the telescope, the kid will be able to compare this detail with the general picture: what place does it occupy on the canvas? How is it different from others? Are there any similar details? And what will happen if it is completely removed from the canvas?
This is how, through play, imagining himself as a researcher with a real telescope in his hands, the child will develop analytical abilities.
3. Reception "empathy"
This technique, so beloved by psychologists, will definitely open up a new side of the child for you. Truth be told, adults also need to play empathy sometimes.
This is done this way: select any object in the picture and invite the child to imagine himself in this place. And don't be afraid to choose something inanimate - there is usually so much room for imagination! For example, invite your child to feel not like a bear from the picture "Morning in a Pine Forest" by Shishkin, but as a fallen tree. How does it feel? Who does he interact with? How will it feel in other conditions?
And in no case put the child in tight boundaries, but rather help him with questions - to come up with such ideas!
painting "Merchant's Wife at Tea" by Boris Kustodiev
4. The "yes / no" game
This method is somewhat reminiscent of a game where you have to guess your character with a piece of paper glued to his forehead. Here the basic principle is preserved, only the paper does not need to be spoiled. And also this game will perfectly fit into the trip to the museum.
Stop near a picture and guess the object or object depicted on it. And the child must guess what you came up with there. And he has the right to ask only those questions that can only be answered "yes" or "no." Let it be a canvas rich in characters, objects and details, but in moderation.
As an example, Kustodiev's "Merchant's Wife at Tea".
Firstly, the picture is very bright, it is pleasant to look at it, it is definitely liked by all children, without exception. And secondly, how many Kustodiev wrote in total! In the game, you can think of a burly merchant's wife, an affectionate kitty, and even a saucer in a woman's hands! With this game, your kid will learn to think logically and process incoming information. And if the game didn't work out the first couple of times, don't quit! After several "sessions" it will be easier for the child to combine the information received into the image of the object.
Fragment of the painting "Ivan Tsarevich on the Gray Wolf" by Viktor Vasnetsov
5. Reception "revived canvases"
A method for the most indefatigable fidgets! A great way to channel energy in the right direction. Most children have scattered attention: it is difficult for them to be focused on one subject for a long time, and even to sit still is a super task. I know this annoys some parents. Well, of course, you were preparing, you printed out the pictures, prepared the story, and the baby just had to run and frolic.
But if you are determined to introduce your child to art, play by its rules.
Choose a painting that shows something in action. It can be the impetuous "Ivan Tsarevich on the Gray Wolf" by Viktor Vasnetsov, or maybe the same calm "Morning in the Pine Forest" by Ivan Shishkin. Let the kid depict the hero of the picture, repeat his pose, movements, facial expressions. Maybe even voice it!
By the way, recording everything that happens on camera is a separate kind of fun!