Experts Have Proposed Measures To Increase The Birth Rate In Russia

Health 2023
Experts Have Proposed Measures To Increase The Birth Rate In Russia
Experts Have Proposed Measures To Increase The Birth Rate In Russia

Video: Experts Have Proposed Measures To Increase The Birth Rate In Russia

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Video: Is Putin's Parental Glory award helping Russia's population problem? | ITV News 2023, February
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In Bashkiria, they thought about introducing a tax on childlessness. "Vechernyaya Moskva" asked experts whether such a measure would help increase the birth rate and what other ways could be tried to solve the demographic issue.

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Leonid Rybakovsky, Chief Researcher at the Institute of Social and Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Economics: I think this is the right measure. It exists now, only you are in a different form. We give quotas to large families only for taxation. But given that the situation with the birth rate is very bad, it is necessary to tax those who do not participate in child production. There is no need to be afraid of this.

Without population, Russia will perish, you have to be patriots. Otherwise, we will shrink like pebbled leather, and this is all over.

The significance of the childlessness tax is that those who postponed the birth of children at a later date will decide to do so earlier. But most importantly, money will appear in the budget that needs to be directed directly to help families with children, especially with two or more.

Natalya Karpovich, head of the Association of Large Families in Moscow, President of the Child Protection Fund, mother of six children, athlete-boxer, biathlete and ski racer:

I do not think that taxes, bans, and tough measures can solve the problem of demography. Yes, people will pay tax, the state will receive another trickle of income, but there must be a systematic approach, a course to support the family. So that couples understand that with the birth of the first and subsequent children, income will increase, not decrease. In the meantime, the older the children, the less parents receive government support.

It is important that every woman who has given birth develops a financial safety cushion by her old age. I would increase the credited number of years of work experience for a woman - 3 years for each child. Most often women make the decision to give birth and do housework. They receive less, and they have less experience; initially, by old age, a woman is less protected.

A young family must be provided with housing, even if not in property, at least for social hiring. There should be housing cooperatives and other mechanisms. The family should be able to live for today, and not dream exclusively of a happy future.

If the state wants to support families with many children, then one of the parents can be exempted from vehicle tax, for example.

You also need to review the amount of compensation and benefits. While they are being calculated, starting from the subsistence minimum, which was once adopted by Yeltsin as a crisis measure. She must become a thing of the past. Otherwise, it turns out that benefits do not solve family problems, but within the country we spend billions on them. It is necessary to offer real amounts that will give the woman confidence that she will have something to feed the child and herself for the whole month. And charitable foundations can help with medicines and clothes.

We are looking at improving demographics from the point of view of the economy, the budget, but behind this are, first of all, people who need respect and recognition. I insist that it is necessary to return the title of "Mother Heroine", which appeared at the most difficult time for the country - July 8, 1944. Because everyone understood that the country would need to be raised from the ruins.

REFERENCE

The childlessness tax has existed in the USSR since November 1941. Childless men from 20 to 50 years old and childless married women from 20 to 45 years old had to deduct 6 percent of their salaries to the state. Those who received less than 91 rubles a month had a lower rate. No tax was levied on earnings of less than 70 rubles.

Those who could not give birth to a child for health reasons, and whose children died, died or disappeared at the front, were exempted from the tax.

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