If you have not yet decided where your child will rest in the summer, then you need to do this now. Today there are a great many summer camps for children. Those that remained from the Soviet times, repaired and renewed, are now called DOL or DOTS - a children's health camp or center. Plus, Russian and foreign scientific, sports and creative camps, scout and military-patriotic, Orthodox and national camps were added to them. How not to get lost in this abundance and how not to disappoint the child?
The camps are traditional and not so
Children's camps that exist today can be conditionally divided into four main groups: traditional, highly specialized, of a certain creative or scientific orientation, and author's.
Traditional camps are the same DOL and DOC that have survived from Soviet times. As a rule, it is in them today that you can buy inexpensive vouchers, or even get them for free at the enterprise or in the social security. Just some five years ago, DOL and DOC were places where a child could take care of his leisure time under round-the-clock supervision. At best, the child had several clubs at his disposal - usually some kind of handicraft, music and dance, plus a one-day hiking trip and homemade contests.
Now the situation is gradually changing. So, in Moscow for several years the organizer of the holiday has been the GAUK "Mosgortur". Now on his website you can see a complete list of camps, sanatoriums and recreation centers offered for this summer. Some of them are located at sea, others are in central Russia.
Reviews about these camps are different, but the parents of the children who rested there last year, amicably note that the children were constantly busy with something. They were rather tired of being active than bored. Indeed, in the programs of these camps, it is almost minute by minute what the child should do at a specific time. Mini-hikes, contests, sports, excursions - now everything is in stock.
Highly specialized camps are usually sports or military sports camps. There will certainly not be any problems with filling up leisure - rather, the question of a lack of free time will arise. In addition, this type of camp requires a good physical fitness from the child, plus an interest in exactly the topic or occupation in which the camp specializes. If you have all this, choose such a camp boldly.
Camps of a certain orientation are linguistic, subject or scientific. If your child is not tired of studying in nine academic months, if a son or daughter is showing an increased interest in some subject and dreams of studying it even in the summer, this is an ideal option! Because the environment in such a camp will match them.
Author's camps are, as a rule, very small camps, information about which is spread by word of mouth, from parent to parent. The name itself indicates that they will study with the child in such a camp according to the author's program. The most interesting recreation programs are developed and implemented today by people who are passionate about something and who know how to get along well with children. That is why they try to fill the children's time in such camps with a variety of events, not concentrating on one thing.
Photo: Sergey Bobylev / TASS
These can be historical and cultural camps, and then cultural research and creative tasks will be combined with attempts to master folk crafts. And all this with a partial playful immersion in the life of the studied era.Children will be offered to taste appropriate food, and a sports and play space will be created according to the era.
In addition to historical, there are a lot of other copyright programs. Somewhere they “shoot a movie”, and everyone finds something to do as cameramen, actors, stuntmen, dressers and so on, simultaneously changing roles and studying the history of cinema. Somewhere they are engaged in cynology at dog kennels. And somewhere they arrange short-term robinsonas, having previously taught all the skills necessary for this.. The duration of such author's programs is usually shorter than that of traditional camps: it can be from three days to two weeks. This is partly due to the fact that tickets to such camps are usually expensive.
Which camp will teach a child independence
Many parents, when sending a child to a camp for the first time, would like him to learn independence there. Can this be required from a place intended for children's rest?
Teachers divide independence into domestic and social. From the first, everything is obvious: this is the ability to keep things in order and take care of them, the ability to take care of yourself at the everyday level, the habit of maintaining hygiene and self-care. With the second, the situation is somewhat more complicated. Social independence is primarily the ability to make decisions and participate in social activities.
Photo: Smirnov Vladimir / TASS
As a rule, the overwhelming majority of children have elementary household independence by the age of eight or nine. And in this sense, the summer camp is unlikely to be able to significantly promote the child in something. Unless it will turn out to teach him to make his bed in the morning.
But with social independence, the situation is not so rosy. Social infantilism of the younger generation is not a myth, and modern information technologies only exacerbate the situation. Therefore, when choosing a camp, you should first of all pay attention to whether it can teach a child specifically social independence. In other words, how actively your son or daughter will have to interact with peers and adults.
Your own master or your own personality
At first glance, traditional camps provide a child with quite a lot of opportunities for independence. But in most cases it will be just a matter of choosing what to do with your free time and building relationships with peers.
Highly specialized and targeted camps, as a rule, are distinguished by great attention to the manifestations of everyday independence. This is accomplished by adhering to a rigid daily routine and fulfilling the requirements of discipline. But social independence is not very good here either. A child engaged in a habitual - and even more so a favorite - occupation does not face the need for constant decision-making, and the children's collective united by a common interest does not require conscious socialization.
But the author's and program camps have no equal in matters of social independence. Most of the author's pedagogical methods, as well as programs for organizing children's recreation, are focused on solving specifically the problems of socialization of children. Constant participation in diverse activities that require a creative approach and active interaction in a random group, three or a couple literally force the child to turn on the inherent mechanism of decision-making and social adaptation. And it is not so important whether it will be participation in staging an amateur performance, organizing a bivouac on a camping trip, mastering the basics of some professions or getting to know the basics of dog riding. Any of these activities will certainly require from the child both independent decisions and active interaction in a team.
Four steps to a better camp
How, given all these features of summer camps, choose the one in which the rest will not only entertain your child, but also make him more independent? First of all, you will have to select a certain number of available (for financial, transport and other requirements) camps. And already from this shortlist, choose the most suitable one using a four-step algorithm.
Camp type. It is unlikely that "traditional" or "author's" will be indicated on the camp website or in the flyer. The only exceptions are narrowly focused or specialized camps: they are immediately designated as sports, military-patriotic, linguistic, scientific or subject. In other cases, you can understand the type by studying the camp change program. If it is full of detailed diverse events, if it is said what skills the child can acquire during the rest in the camp, feel free to write such a camp in the author's or program ones. If the website says that "Yolochka DOL" offers your child comfortable four-bed wards in an amazing forest corner of the Moscow region and healthy three meals a day "- class the camp as a traditional one.
Living conditions. If a child is accustomed to a warm bed, comfortable sanitary conditions and cannot stand minor everyday inconveniences, the Spartan conditions of "tourist" author's or program camps are unlikely to suit him. But today, such camps are rather rare: the recent tightening of requirements for organizing children's recreation has made them too difficult to conduct. Therefore, most of the author's and program camps lease the territories of the same DOL and DOC, or even merge with them, using the infrastructure and providing their own teaching staff. But the former pioneer camps also differ in the quality of living conditions, and they must be clarified.
Information accessibility. Be sure to find out if there are restrictions on the use of electronic gadgets in the camp. Many author and program camps insist that the child does not have any electronic devices with him, except for a simple mobile phone without Internet access. The requirement may seem strange, if you do not take into account that such camps are focused on involving the child in general activities and outdoor activities, which gadgets will only interfere with. But at the same time, the camp should provide the child with the opportunity at any time (except, perhaps, at night) to contact the parents personally.
By the way, do not forget to find out if there are parenting days in this camp. Many author's camps offer not too long shifts, but they completely exclude the possibility of seeing the child - so that parental care does not interfere with socialization. Are you ready to put up with such a requirement, decide for yourself: no one knows better than you how much the child is attached to you and how difficult it will be for him to be separated from his parents.
The degree and type of load. Having selected the camps by type and living conditions, proceed to clarify the shift program. You will have to focus primarily on how long your child can maintain concentration on a particular activity, how much creative work or active rest suits him, and how great his need is to spend some time alone. If there are practically no such concepts as personal or free time in the shift program, if in its description there are words like "we will not let anyone get bored!" - this is a reason to think about whether the child can withstand such an active rhythm of life. Since there are not many camps left in your sample at this stage, do a targeted search for information about the program and loads. You can read reviews about the camp on the Internet, you can ask the parents who sent their children there, you can finally find the camp teachers and ask them all these questions by phone or e-mail.
Remember: it is necessary to choose a camp so that upon returning from it your child will definitely ask you to send him to camp again next year. This will mean that he got what he needed from the rest!
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