Moscow faces an important task - to teach separate sorting of garbage not only for adults, but also for children. This topic is the subject of the publication "Moscow Schoolchildren Are Taught to Divide Waste" in the "Komsomolskaya Pravda" edition, the full text of which is offered to your attention.
“Recyclable materials from municipal waste are no longer thrown into a landfill, but sent for recycling, and the townspeople themselves play an important role in this process, sorting their household waste. So far, Muscovites are just getting used to conscious consumption and competent waste management. And it is especially important to teach our children to them.
During the first six months of its existence, the Moscow program for the separate accumulation of waste showed quite good results: 60% more recyclable materials (413 tons) were recycled than in the same period last year. Metal, glass, plastic, cardboard and paper will receive a second life and will return to us with new goods and saved megawatts of electricity.
In Moscow, projects are already being implemented to familiarize the residents of the capital with the new rules for waste management. The website "Clean Moscow" was launched, which contains news, basic rules for separate collection and useful recommendations. And for the children for the new school year, the publishing house “Moskovskaya Pravda” has published a book entitled “The Second Life of Garbage, or How to Make Waste Useful”. It focuses on practical advice on waste segregation.
By the way, at the end of last year, books on the topic of separate waste collection were already sent to schools in the capital, entitled “The History of Garbage: From Ancient Waste to Plastic Recycling”. Also, for a young audience in Moscow, they created several animated videos about dad Mishka and his son Mishutka, who together learn to sort waste. And for a more adult audience, video clips with various popular and famous people (actors, singers, athletes, bloggers, etc.) are addressed to talk about the benefits of sorting waste. All these materials can be found on the official pages of the Moscow Department of Housing and Communal Services in social networks.
To teach children how to properly handle household waste, many ideas and tools are suitable - these are a variety of creative projects, contests, quizzes, marathons, environmental events, games, excursions, ecological landing, a nature conservation club and much more. In an easy and accessible way, young Muscovites will learn that, for example, recycling one ton of plastic saves almost the same amount of oil, 60 kilograms of waste paper can save one tree, the process of decomposition of an aluminum can in nature takes 500 years, and of rubber - 100 years.
“The city faces an important task - to form the education of separate sorting not only among adults, but also among children, so that from an early age it becomes a habit,” said Alexander Soloviev, head of the Moscow City Housing and Utilities Department.
It is very important, even in childhood, to form useful habits in kindergarten and schoolchildren, for example, the following: when drawing, use both sides of a sheet of paper, and then use these drawings again - for any crafts; do not take too much and do not throw away those items that can still be used; when choosing between pencils and markers, prefer pencils - because plastic is required to make markers; use handles with replaceable refills; refuse plastic dishes and packaging; sort waste, starting right from kindergarten.
And then gradually, step by step, the child will develop the right habits and skills based on a responsible approach to environmental problems of our time.
Anastasia Nikolaeva, curator of the online education and PR department of the student environmental organization EcoGild of Moscow State University, is confident that it is possible to achieve success in this difficult matter only by the method of comprehensive education, gradually introducing eco-friendly behavior into everyday life.
“It is necessary to teach this to children in kindergartens and schools, create appropriate books, shoot cartoons, films and programs with environmental content, hold case championships so that children themselves think about environmental issues and try to solve the problem. Some progress in the field of environmental education is already visible. For example, at the All-Russian competition "Big Change", where I am an expert, there is a direction "Ecology". However, these measures are still not enough. We must continue to move in this direction, but at a much faster pace,”said Nikolaeva.
It is worth noting that many developed countries of the world have already managed to accumulate rich experience in the formation of environmental awareness in children. They teach children how to properly handle waste from an early age. For example, in Finland and Germany, educational work with children begins already in kindergartens. In each group, several containers are installed for separate collection of garbage, and while the children cannot read, the color difference between the containers serves as a guide for them. In addition, if during a walk there is garbage left in a place not intended for him, the child is explained that he needs to remove it. Thus, children are taught respect for nature, people, environmental awareness and social responsibility. Later, at school, environmental projects are added.
In Spain, children are rewarded with goodies for the correct sorting of waste. In Brazil, a teenager can exchange bags of sorted waste for a travel ticket or essential goods. In Japan, environmental education has been included in the compulsory school curriculum. Sweden has also introduced a special item, which is called that: waste recycling. Although they begin to acquaint little Swedes with the rules of waste disposal in kindergartens, including children are taught how to compost from various waste and potato peels (so that they can then fertilize their garden or vegetable garden).
In Israel, corporations engaged in waste disposal are involved in the education of schoolchildren, supplying schoolchildren with special literature and conducting additional classes with them. Through teaching children, they try to influence their parents in this way.
“It is necessary that the problem of environmental protection and its most striking manifestation are on everyone's lips. So that people stop denying them, being afraid to talk about them and start acting. The new generation is a great opportunity to foster a culture of a new person who will minimize his consumption, separate waste, make sustainable packaging in his company and pass the relevant laws. Whoever this person of the new generation is, he will carry the ideas of environmental friendliness through all spheres of his life,”Anastasia Nikolaeva sums up our small review of children's eco-education.
And instead of a conclusion, I would like to recall the words of the Nobel Prize laureate in physics Niels Bohr, who once said: "Humanity will not die in an atomic nightmare - it will suffocate in its own waste." To prevent this from happening, let's start now to teach our heirs to correctly sort waste and show environmental awareness. By teaching them, we ourselves will become more responsible and attentive to the environmental problems of our time.