Regions may be given the right to send to preschool institutions primarily children from low-income, large and single-parent families. Andrei Kutepov, the head of the Federation Council Committee on Economic Policy, plans to submit such a bill to the State Duma on June 28.
As a reminder, on June 27, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev spoke about the problem of the availability of kindergartens. To completely solve it, they will continue to take measures, including within the framework of national projects, the Prime Minister said.
According to the document proposed by Senator Andrey Kutepov, the regions of Russia will be able to adopt laws according to which, as a matter of priority, children from poor, large, single-parent families, as well as children of a person who died or suffered as a result of a terrorist act, will be enrolled in preschool educational organizations of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Today, federal legislation provides for the right to priority admission to kindergartens for children of military personnel, police officers and some other categories. But for children, for example, from low-income or single-parent families, such a measure of support is not spelled out. The subjects themselves also cannot provide preferential conditions for children of certain categories of citizens in their regulations, since the Law on Education does not entrust the regions with the appropriate powers.
Kutepov also noted that the right of children from large families to primary admission to a preschool institution is provided for in the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On measures for social support of large families", but it is not enshrined in the law. This may put them in an unequal position compared to those for whom such a preference is prescribed in the legislation.
These problems were reported in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, including within the framework of field meetings of the Temporary Commission of the Federation Council on improving legal regulation in the field of state control (supervision) and municipal control, indicated in the explanatory note to the initiative.