The children's writer Julia Kuznetsova, the author of the manual “Raschitayka. How to help your child to love reading”and many articles on the topic and courses for children reading.
- The child is going through two important reading crises. The first, "junior", at 5 - 7 years old. The kid has already learned the letters, puts syllables into words. But he cannot switch to reading himself yet, - explains Yulia Kuznetsova. - At this age, parents often finish reading aloud. It is believed that a son or daughter can already do it themselves. It is important, however, to support them and not change their habits. The second crisis, the “school crisis,” occurs between the ages of 10 and 12. The child's study load increases, and there are also games with friends and gadgets. At the same time, works from the school curriculum are often uninteresting and written in a complex language.
Here you need to help build a daily routine, introduce rules for using gadgets - set up the Parental Control function, with which you can limit the time spent at the screen. But the main thing is to be a companion in reading again: go to the bookstore together, read a real paper book yourself with your child, tell not about which books it would be interesting for him to read, but about those books that you read yourself, about yours. loved ones. In general, communicate more.
I dream that somewhere there is the perfect book for each of my three children. But if I don't ask them directly what they want to read, what they are interested in, I will never know. Talking about books is also a technique. Check out Aidan Chambers' edition of Tell. We read, think, discuss”, it will tell a lot.
- Parents of schoolchildren often do not buy "baby" books. Because "there is nothing to read in them" and "you have already grown up." But only a child can determine whether or not he has grown out of such books. If he says that he does not like to read, it means that he has not passed some stage in reading and it is important to close it with the necessary book. It always happens to me: a second grader takes a book by Tatiana Russita with two words on a page. Is reading. He laughs. Removes barriers. Takes another book. Happy again. And when this consequence is fixed in the brain: reading is joy, the brain itself naturally begins to demand more words in order to rejoice.
The Japanese have such a word "tsundoku" - when a person buys more books than he can read. And the house turns into a dusty book depository. If we imagine children's reading as a city where there are books at home, then the mayor of the city is a parent. Everything depends on you: how the bookcase is arranged and which picture book will be slipped at the right time. Books should be visible, but not piled up. Create a special shelf where there are only those books that you are reading right now and those that you will read soon. Refresh your exposure from time to time.
Turn the Internet, social networks and messengers into assistants. Look into electronic libraries with children's books, where publishers post introductory fragments. You can read aloud from the screen. And among the many chats in WhatsApp, it is worth creating one with your parent friends, where you will discuss children's books.
Eight forbidden phrases
- Once I conducted a lesson on creating a home book at the LiteraTula festival. The presentation materials were posted behind my back, which included dangerous phrases that instantly kill my love of reading. One mother came up to the table and threw up her hands: "This is all I say to my children!"
"Why aren't you reading anything?" “Nastya / Oleg read so much! And you?" Put down your smartphone! It would be better if I read it. " "What the hell are you reading?" "When I was your age, I read two books a day." “You read too fast. Well, tell me, what is this book about? " “Can't you explain? Have you read at all? " "What do you mean," Don't like Chekhov? " You need to know this! You can't grow up without it. "let's play
- Add a game element to home reading. We have a cloud cut out of paper on the refrigerator at home. Everyone attaches their own "trickle" of droplets to it. On each drop is the name of the book read. Let's compete, who will get the longest trickle. There are also many word games useful for kids learning to read. "Nonsense", "Hangman", "Scrabble" - great workout.
I listen to those I trust
Christina Conardi, teacher of Russian language and literature:
- For me, the main criterion for a good book for children under 5 is illustrations. For example, we bought the series "14 forest mice" when our son was a year old. Now he is almost four, the books are read out to the holes, but the child is not ready to refuse them. With picture books, what matters is what topics come up when you scan the book. If there is something to discuss, something to reflect on, the book will delight you and your child for many years.
Nadezhda, mother of two sons:
- We live in Germany. There are few Russian bookstores here, so I subscribed to the mailing list of the PapMamBuk website. Once a month I ask about books on Facebook in communities. On Instagram, I follow my favorite publishers and reviews from @knigohod and @chitat_podano. This is how I meet people whose tastes I trust.
Children love to exchange advice. Thanks to this, you can arrange a school book club. Or ask the teacher to hang a Whatman paper in the classroom on which you can write mini-reviews. Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences Ekaterina Buneeva compiled a list of 55 books, which were named by primary school students. Google it. Here are the top ten.
Lydia Charskaya "Notes of a little schoolgirl" Leah Geraskina "In the country of unlearned lessons" 3.Narine Abgaryan "Manyunya" Andrey Zhvalevsky and Evgenia Pasternak "I want to go to school!" Julia Kuznetsova "House P" Natalya Savushkina "Tsar's business" Tamara Kryukova "Crystal key" Nina Dashevskaya "Willie" Vsevolod Nestayko "Amazing adventures in a forest school" Victoria Lederman "Vasilkin will go to the board!"